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All You Should Know About Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS), A Disease Silently Affecting Many Women



PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is a hormonal and genetic condition that affects many people. Its cause, on the other hand, remains uncertain.

It affects the female reproductive organ by causing ovaries to expand and tiny cysts to form on the ovaries’ exterior.


Some of the symptoms of PCOS are a direct result of this, as the hormone levels create more male hormones than normal.

PCOS has been identified as one of the leading reasons of infertility and conception problems in women. It has a substantial impact on the endocrine system, which is responsible for hormone synthesis, and thus inhibits ovulation.


Insulin resistance and inflammation have been linked to androgen overproduction. Androgen is a male hormone that, because of the abnormalities it creates in the female reproductive system, should not be overproduced in the female body.

PCOS affects one out of every ten women, although girls who show signs of puberty early, such as sprouting underarm or pubic hair before the age of ten, may be more likely to develop PCOS later in life. It’s usual for women to discover they have PCOS when they have difficulties getting pregnant, although it can start as early as 11 or 12 years old, right after their first menstrual cycle. It might also happen in your twenties or thirties.


According to a survey, more than 70% of women with PCOS have not been diagnosed. You must undergo medical testing and receive a professional diagnosis in order to appropriately identify PCOS.

Although there is no cure for it at this time, it can be managed with proper treatment and coping mechanisms.


In Nigeria alone, over 100,000 cases of PCOS are reported each year, indicating that it is a common problem among women.



Symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Menstrual Irregularity
  • Frequent Acne Breakouts
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Male Pattern Baldness
  • Heavy Periods caused by the build-up in the uterine lining
  • Obesity
  • Excess Hair Growth (on the chin or chest especially)
  • Cystic Acne
  • Skin darkening under the breasts, in the groin region and the neck
  • Frequent Migraines
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Depression

Some of the effects of PCOS include:

  • Birth complications
  • Infertility
  • Sleep Apnea (when breathing stops for some time during sleep)
  • Premature child delivery and miscarriages

Some ways to personally manage PCOS include:

  • Exercise moderately
  • Use skin sensitive products
  • Take time to rest and reduce stress
  • Eat foods that contain healthy fats and protein
  • Avoid junk and sugary foods
  • Take fertility supplements but consult your doctor first
  • Get enough sleep each night

With proper treatment measures and an early diagnosis, women with PCOS can manage the syndrome in a way that won’t inhibit their lives and their ability to have children. Remember that an early diagnosis helps in managing PCOS.



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